• drjimstewart

OceanForesters’ Values are Consistent with Major Environmental Groups

OceanForesters’ goal is to embody sustainability and the precautionary principle[1] in everything we do. In our work with local people around the world, we support them to be consistent with environmental, sustainable and humanitarian policies, such as those below.

Excerpts from WWF Policies

WWF works in 100 countries. Its mission is to stop the degradation of the planet’s natural environment and to build a future in which humans live in harmony with nature, by conserving the world’s biological diversity, ensuring that the use of renewable natural resources is sustainable, and promoting the reduction of pollution and wasteful consumption. WWF's unique way of working combines global reach with a foundation in science, involves action at every level from local to global, and ensures the delivery of innovative solutions that meet the needs of both people and nature.

Aquaculture Criteria from 2050 Criteria- Guide to Responsible Investment in Agricultural, Forest, and Seafood Commodities, 2012, WWF

Ecosystem Functions The farms have been sited in environmentally suitable locations while conserving local biodiversity, natural habitat and ecosystem function. The producer has protocols in place to ensure limited escapes.

Water Management A complete assessment of fresh water resource requirements and discharge impacts should be conducted, taking into consideration production needs, hydrological conditions, downstream human and environmental needs and uses, and impacts that the water use and discharge will have on the watershed, community health, and regional ecology. This is especially important in water stressed areas. A Water Management Plan is in place that addresses relevant risks and includes concrete measures to protect ground water or local water bodies. (Appropriate systems for management may vary across aquaculture species and techniques.)

Sustainable Feed The producer ensures the traceability and sustainability of the ingredients used for fish feed; in particular that fishmeal and fish oil is coming from responsible fisheries, but also that the production of soy and other vegetable ingredients did not result in land conversion.

Legal Production The product is produced/harvested and traded in compliance with all applicable local, national and ratified international laws and regulations. The producer holds legal rights to conduct activities on the area of land, water, or coastal environment.

Chemical Use Antibiotics and other therapeutants, pesticides, and parasiticides are used properly on site, judiciously and in a targeted fashion, using available expertise. Where possible, antibiotics should be used under protocols established in consultation with a trained and accredited professional. There is no use of antibiotics that are critical for human health according to the list contained in the World Health Organization’s ‘Critically Important Antimicrobials for Human Medicine.’ Treatments are prepared and applied by trained personnel with appropriate protective gear and in accordance with the law and producer guidelines—and not by children or pregnant women. Potential impacts of chemical run-off on local communities are assessed and managed. In shrimp production, no antibiotics use is permitted. The storage, handling and disposal of hazardous materials and waste must be done responsibly, according to the law and minimizing their respective potential impacts on the environment and human health.

Pest Management An integrated/alternative disease management approach is developed and implemented. (Equivalent to Integrated Pest Management[2])

Area Based Management The producer participates in area based management schemes to increase transparency and coordination among entities operating in a common area for certain activities (e.g., stocking, harvesting, medical treatments, number of escapes, etc.).

Labor Rights Management is aware of and complies with local labor legislation and the ILO core labor standards. Management actively manages its labor issues (e.g., child labor, forced or bonded labor, freedom of association, discrimination and gender equity, living wage, use of contractors to avoid social benefits, health and safety, etc.) and actively monitors compliance in its operations.

Operational Health & Safety Applicable Operational Health & Safety (OHS) protocols are followed, which can include: adequate training, accident reduction programs, formal documentation and grievance procedures, and if applicable, personal protective equipment provision and hazardous substance monitoring and testing.

Local & Indigenous Communities The rights of local people are respected, which can be assessed by: demonstrated and non-contested rights to utilize the land/coastal environment and recognition of and respect for other legal or customary rights; negotiations with indigenous people based on FPIC (free, prior, and informed consent); as well as other potential measures. Issues of gender representation, representation of traditionally marginalized groups, health and clean water, resource diversion and scarcity, ecosystem services, and potential impacts on livelihoods and smallholders, are considered and structured into consultations. Engagement and dispute resolution processes and instances are fully transparent.

Excerpts from Sierra Club Policies The Sierra Club is the most enduring and influential grassroots environmental organization in the United States with 3.5+ million members and supporters.

Sierra Club Agriculture and Food Policies

Farming of fish and other aquatic organisms

Cultivation of aquatic organisms in a manner that has a high potential to impact natural ecosystems, such as net-pen fish farming in coastal waters, should be discouraged. Aquaculture systems should include components that recycle wastes internal to the system.Multi-trophic aquaculture systems that integrate fish and plant ecosystems to process waste and optimize use of resources should be encouraged.

Sierra Club Policy on Sustainable Marine Fisheries

The Sierra Club urges the state and federal agencies responsible for fisheries management to:

Adopt the precautionary principle[1] to protect the biodiversity and integrity of the coastal and ocean ecosystems; Move from managing fisheries on a species or species complex basis to an ecosystem approach which would include addressing: (a) the impacts of fishing on non-target species (sea turtles, marine mammals, sea birds); (b) changes in biodiversity of the marine food web as a consequence of harvesting fish; (c) impacts of land-based pollution from all sources and habitat loss/degradation from physical human activities in estuarine, nearshore, and offshore areas; and (d) population structure of target fish species and composition fish communities to avoid fishing down the food chain from larger predator species to smaller species lower in the chain.

Excerpts from The Nature Conservancy Priorities

In addition to providing food and water sustainably, The Nature Conservancy is listening to science to address today’s most pressing challenges.

Food demand is expected to increase by more than 50 percent in just the next 30 years as the world’s population continues to grow—it’s a challenge that can be met.

Together, we can secure healthy food and clean water for all people without sacrificing the environment. The Nature Conservancy is fostering innovations in technology, collaborating with communities to use resources more efficiently and promoting policies that enable sustainability.

Key Strategies to Provide Food and Water include:

Manage Fish Stocks: Over 60 percent of all fisheries around the world are in decline or over-fished. TNC is using a wide range of strategies to support effective fisheries reform.

When we develop innovative agricultural practices, use technology to manage fisheries and protect water at its source, we are ensuring that nature can endure while nourishing the world. Giulio Boccaletti, The Nature Conservancy’s Chief Strategy Officer

[1] Precautionary Principle - Precaution involves acting in advance to avoid or minimize negative impacts, which implies, in environmental management, that in the face of scientific uncertainty on cause and effects relationships accompanying the potential impacts that the benefit of the doubt is given to the conservation of natural resources and the maintenance of biodiversity.

[2] According to the US Environmental Protection Agency, Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is defined as: An effective and environmentally sensitive approach to pest management that relies on a combination of commonsense practices. IPM programs use current, comprehensive information on the life cycles of pests and their interaction with the environment. This information, in combination with available pest control methods, is used to manage pest damage by the most economical means and with the least possible hazard to people, property, and the environment.

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